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What are Solar PV Modules?

发布时间:2019-09-30 14:23:25

Solar PV modules are made by connecting together photovoltaic (PV) cells or solar cells. They are manufactured from semiconductor materials like crystalline silicon. Solar modules convert the light energy captured from the sun into electric energy. The electric energy so produced is used for lighting residential and commercial establishments. 

How do Solar PV Modules Work? 
A single PV cell is usually manufactured in 12.5 cm and 15 cm square sizes and generates only 1 or 2 watts of power. Solar PV modules are used for boosting the power output of PV cells by connecting them. When PV cells (present in the solar modules) absorb sunlight, the energy present in the photons of light is transferred to the semiconductor material. The electrons are made to flow through the semiconductor material as electric current. Generally, each solar PV module is rated in the range of 50 W to 350 W. These modules may or may not be linked to the electrical grid to complete the solar PV system. 

Features of Solar PV Modules

  • Solar PV modules have aluminium frames that are attached with tapes directly on to the silicon or laminate. These frames are useful for increasing the mechanical strength of PV modules and making the installation process easier.
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  • Manufacturers conduct a series of tests for measuring the electricity generated by PV modules using a sun simulator. The sun simulator is designed to produce specific light conditions for measuring the peak power generated by the solar module.
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  • Thin-film solar modules are made up of layers whose thickness is only 2 microns; they are up to 40 times thinner than a human hair strand.
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  • Monocrystalline solar panels occupy very less space and are space efficient. The cells present in them are manufactured from single silicon crystals to form wafers that are about 0.2 mm in thickness. The cells in monocrystalline solar panels are highly efficient in their electricity bearing capacity. 

    Applications of Solar PV Modules
     


     
    • When a number of modules are connected to the grid PV system via an inverter, they transform the DC current generated by the solar PV modules to AC current. The electricity generated can be used for lighting purposes and powering household appliances. The excess electricity can be sold to the grid directly. Individual solar PV modules can be used for powering torches, flashlights, wrist watches, etc. in remote and rural locations.

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